The terms ADD and ADHD are commonly used interchangeably, although they refer to the same condition. According to Nemours, attention deficit disorder (ADD) is what attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) used to be called. The condition may be referred to as either, or may be called ADD when there is no hyperactivity involved.
What Is ADHD?
ADHD is a behavioral condition that impacts an individual’s focus, attention span and how long he or she can sit still. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, ADHD is one of the most common disorders to affect children, but can continue through teenage and adult years. Children with ADHD may exhibit a combination of severe inattentiveness, hyperactivity and impulsivity. They may show any combination of these symptoms:
· Having difficulty focusing
· Having difficulty finishing a task
· Becoming bored easily
· Daydreaming or not listening
· Having trouble following instructions
· Having trouble sitting
· Talking continuously
· Always moving
· Being impatient
· Having difficulty waiting for his or her turn
· Interrupting others in activities or conversation
· Acting rashly
· Having no regard for consequences of actions
What Causes It?
Researchers have not discovered just what causes ADHD, but some cases seem to be inherited or genetic. They believe that it could be more prevalent in children born prematurely and in males over females. Changes in certain chemicals in the brain, referred to as neurotransmitters, cause the disorder. Neurotransmitters are responsible for sending messages between the brain’s nerve cells.
While there is no known cure for ADHD, doctors use various methods to help control the symptoms of the disorder. These include medicine, counseling, and lifestyle changes to help treat the symptoms of ADHD.
If you have other questions about your child’s behavioral health or would like more information on attention deficit disorder, contact us at the Medical Center of McKinney. Visit us online to find out more about our behavioral health services or give us a call at 972-547-8888.